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PKEY(1) OpenSSL PKEY(1)

NAME

openssl-pkey, pkey - public or private key processing tool

SYNOPSIS

openssl pkey [ -help] [ -inform PEM|DER] [ -outform PEM|DER] [ -in filename] [ -passin arg] [ -out filename] [ -passout arg] [ -traditional] [ -cipher] [ -text] [ -text_pub] [ -noout] [ -pubin] [ -pubout] [ -engine id] [ -check] [ -pubcheck]

DESCRIPTION

The pkey command processes public or private keys. They can be converted between various forms and their components printed out.

OPTIONS

-help
Print out a usage message.
-inform DER|PEM
This specifies the input format DER or PEM. The default format is PEM.
-outform DER|PEM
This specifies the output format, the options have the same meaning and default as the -inform option.
-in filename
This specifies the input filename to read a key from or standard input if this option is not specified. If the key is encrypted a pass phrase will be prompted for.
-passin arg
The input file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).
-out filename
This specifies the output filename to write a key to or standard output if this option is not specified. If any encryption options are set then a pass phrase will be prompted for. The output filename should not be the same as the input filename.
-passout password
The output file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).
-traditional
Normally a private key is written using standard format: this is PKCS#8 form with the appropriate encryption algorithm (if any). If the -traditional option is specified then the older "traditional" format is used instead.
-cipher
These options encrypt the private key with the supplied cipher. Any algorithm name accepted by EVP_get_cipherbyname() is acceptable such as des3.
-text
Prints out the various public or private key components in plain text in addition to the encoded version.
-text_pub
Print out only public key components even if a private key is being processed.
-noout
Do not output the encoded version of the key.
-pubin
By default a private key is read from the input file: with this option a public key is read instead.
-pubout
By default a private key is output: with this option a public key will be output instead. This option is automatically set if the input is a public key.
-engine id
Specifying an engine (by its unique id string) will cause pkey to attempt to obtain a functional reference to the specified engine, thus initialising it if needed. The engine will then be set as the default for all available algorithms.
-check
This option checks the consistency of a key pair for both public and private components.
-pubcheck
This option checks the correctness of either a public key or the public component of a key pair.

EXAMPLES

To remove the pass phrase on an RSA private key:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -out keyout.pem
To encrypt a private key using triple DES:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -des3 -out keyout.pem
To convert a private key from PEM to DER format:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -outform DER -out keyout.der
To print out the components of a private key to standard output:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -text -noout
To print out the public components of a private key to standard output:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -text_pub -noout
To just output the public part of a private key:
 openssl pkey -in key.pem -pubout -out pubkey.pem

SEE ALSO

genpkey(1), rsa(1), pkcs8(1), dsa(1), genrsa(1), gendsa(1)

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2006-2017 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.
Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License"). You may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You can obtain a copy in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at <https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.
2019-02-26 1.1.1b

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